Dissecting the planetary-scale cloud computing trifecta, CIOSEA News, ETCIO SEA

Planetary-scale cloud computing is a global imperative in the modern business landscape to scale economies. Incessantly building data centers and the repeatable scaling of hardware layers is not enough, individual physical servers need to be virtualised. The walls of a building can only scale a certain level of growth, it’s only virtually enabled cloud computing that can realistically run a planetary-scale growth.

Vivek Kundra, former federal CIO of the United States stated, “Cloud computing is often far more secure than traditional computing, because companies like Google and Amazon can attract and retain cyber-security personnel of a higher quality than many governmental agencies.”

While a planetary scale is an ideal version of the future of the cloud, it’s plausibly closer than expected as the globe can observe a daily increase in organizational cloud spending and storage investments as a whole. Gartner forecasted in April this year that public cloud end-user spending will reach nearly $500 billion in 2022! The forecast is on track as the big three – Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud – are all spending on widening their cloud services and profits and dominating the public cloud space unprecedentedly.

Sid Nag, Research Vice President at Gartner stated in the research, “CIOs are beyond the era of irrational exuberance of procuring cloud services and are being thoughtful in their choice of public cloud providers to drive specific, desired business and technology outcomes in their digital transformation. journey.”

Next-gen flexibility

Scalable cloud computing provides IT resources that enable businesses to improve operational efficiency in a world when customer and client expectations are ever-changing, and provide extra flexibility for businesses to optimally fulfill the same so that organizations can gain a competitive advantage. Even for small and medium businesses, if there is ever a need for additional bandwidth, cloud providers can deliver it without them having to overhaul their entire IT infrastructure and invest unnecessarily for a momentary increase in cloud capacity. That’s the well-capacitated nature of the flexibility that planetary-scaled cloud computing can provide.

As cloud-based services allow businesses to create password-protected platforms, scaled cloud computing can provide seamless and improved communication for effortless global collaboration in a hybrid reality. The data saving prospect is a great additional cherry on the cake for businesses to opt for cloud-based services, as it makes all the business data easily accessible anywhere there is an internet connection. Cloud has made the accessibility of data simple and reliable as compared to traditional IT resources that always have a chance of wiping out important data and company information. Even when it comes to data security, as per a Microsoft blog, about 95 percent of Fortune 500 companies trust public cloud services companies like Microsoft Azure for safeguarding their clients’ data due to their strong encryption systems and cloud data security deployment.

Due to cost savings, flexibility and scalability, data security, data storage, and team collaboration, about 70 percent of firms have already shifted to cloud-based computing for part of their services. For instance, in October 2020, Microsoft Corporation joined with ZEISS Group to improve health care and manufacturing quality through data solutions. Together with the simplicity of deployment and lower total cost of ownership, these advantages are likely to raise cloud computing demand, driving the market growth.

Scalability, elasticity, and utilization

Cloud scalability is one of the primary hallmarks of cloud computing, typically resulting in no disruption or down time. On-premises physical infrastructures can take months to scale the same amount, with added tremendous expenses and which may require great deliberation. Cloud’s scalability is a major plus point as it can provide businesses with the option of easily changing infrastructure requirements. A planetary scalable solution like cloud can guarantee a stable, long-term growth that is pre-planned and can address more variable demands. It’s an important preferred feature for businesses that have unpredictable and variable workloads.

There are two types of scalability in cloud computing – vertical and horizontal scaling. Vertical scaling is basically what is known as “scaling up” or “scaling down”. Organizations can add or subtract power to an existing cloud server by upgrading memory (RAM), storage or processing power (CPU).

To scale horizontally, known as scaling in or out, organizations can add more IT resources like servers to their systems to spread out the workload across machines. This will result in increased performance and storage capacity. Horizontal scaling is preferred for businesses that have high availability services and require minimal downtime.

Cloud elasticity is the actionable increase or decrease of IT resources to cope with loads dynamically. It is a process through which when a load increases, the system scales by adding more resources, and when it drops, it removes the newly added resources. It is most important to use in pay-per-use cloud environments, when organizations do not need to pay for the same resources, but only pay for it when there is a surge in demand.

The big cost question

When running a cloud at the kind of scale and computing power we have discussed, organizations should look closely at the spending costs on power and cooling. Google’s data center in Finland is a good example for looking at efficient cloud spending. The tech giant takes a creative approach to reducing its power bills by using naturally chilled seawater for heat exchange rather than the usual electrically powered air conditioning units. This also scores the company brownie points on improving its green credentials.

Google has a competitive advantage as a public cloud provider, even at the top three, because it takes out this vital cost of energy, making their operating costs economically efficient.

Alas, organizations are still overspending in the cloud. In a study conducted by HashiCorp, 94 percent of global organizations are overspending in the cloud – almost all respondents note avoidable cloud spend. Top reasons for this overspending include idle or underused resources, overprovisioned resources, and a lack of needed skills.

Costs and scale are of course highly interconnected. The benefits of the pay-as-you-go model of cloud providers is one of the most attractive elements for businesses to adopt fully cloud-based solutions and IT resources. Armon Dadgar, co-founder and CTO, HashiCorp states in the 2022 research, “Organizations benefiting from multi-cloud nearly doubled from last year, and the majority of organizations now have a centralized cloud team. This centralized expertise enables them to operationalize at scale and benefit from their cloud strategies. Not surprisingly, we saw skills shortages move to the top of the list of cloud blockers, reinforcing the need for cloud platform teams and infrastructure and security automation tools.”

Many new research markets have forecasted the immense spending on cloud computing services, with IDC underpinning the total worldwide spending on cloud services and opportunities to surpass $1.3 trillion by 2025.

There is a noticeable upward trend in planetary-scaled cloud computing that will facilitate organizations to ever-increasingly rely on cloud for improved business operations, data storage, and overall ease of organizational conduction.

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